Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Asphalt 8 Android Racing Game For Windows 7 PC

Posted by Manohar Tn



Asphalt 8 Android Racing Game For Windows 7 PC, Asphalt  For Pc , Android Game Asphalt 8, PC,  Android Pc, Xp , Vista, Latest, ANdroid, Game, Windows ,64bit,32, 86,
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Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Download Android apps to PC from Google Play

Posted by Manohar Tn
Android apk App Download to PC

About Android Apk Files :

Android application package file (APK) is the file format used to distribute and install application files onto Google's Android operating system. There are several Apk app stores providing android apps for direct download to PC but it is safe.

Many reasons For downloading android app to PC

There are many reasons why you may plan to download the APK installer of an Android app package from the Google Play store to PC than copy that file to your android or use it in bluesatcks.
  1. In some cases Android app may be not be available for download in the Google Play store of your region or country.
  2. Some times Google Play Store says that a particular app or game is incompatible with your Android mobile By showing some error but you know that the app would work just fine.
  3. You may faced times like no internet connection in mobile and having Internet connection for PC.
  4. U may wont To Install app in pc using some android emulators.

Easy Steps For Downloading app

Step 1 : Visit Play store and URL of any app listed on the Google Play store

Copy Play Store App Url

Step 2 : Paste  the web URL In the Website apps.evozi.com  & Generate download link

Paste app url on evozi

Step 3 : Click on Green download button to download apk app.

Download link on evozi

The APK download app ezovi will fetch the APK file from the Google Play store[USA version] and will host it on its own servers from where you download the file.
Since the APK files are directly fetched from the Google Play Store, it’s unlikely that the Android App will be infected with any malware [ U can check MD5 ].
Note: APK downloader only lets you download free apps and games from the Google Play store, not the paid ones.
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Monday, August 26, 2013

Embeded System Arunkumar Notes For VTU EC

Posted by Manohar Tn
Description :
Here is another NOTES for VTU and non VTU students on Embedded System (ES) for final year or 8th semester or earlier semester for EC, CS, IS. This is 724 pages of notes, covered all the chapters very nicely, that is why I have uploaded it. So according to your need you can go through out this notes. Also very soon we will upload notes on the same subject by Arunkumar.

Preferred Books :


  1. Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction - Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.2002 
  2. An Embedded software Primer - David E. Simon: Pearson Education, 1999
About the notes :

This notes is written in very easy language with examples and figures, which students can understand easily. Let me tell you now only, this is very scoring subject in your external exam, and also if you are planning for M.Tech or any subject specialization then this subject is totally for you, and you need to give attention in this subject.
Source : Embedded System Design
 




Subject Code : 06EC82
IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04
Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52
Exam Marks : 100

PART - A
UNIT - 1
INTRODUCTION: Overview of embedded systems, embedded system design challenges, common design metrics and optimizing them. Survey of different embedded system design technologies, trade-offs. Custom Single-Purpose Processors,Design of custom single purpose processors.

4 Hours
UNIT - 2
SINGLE-PURPOSE PROCESSORS: Hardware, Combinational Logic, Sequential Logic, RT level Combinational and Sequential Components, Optimizing single-purpose processors. Single-Purpose Processors: Software, Basic Architecture, Operation, Programmer’s View, Development Environment, ASIPS.

6 Hours
UNIT - 3
Standard Single-Purpose Peripherals, Timers, Counters, UART, PWM, LCD Controllers, Keypad controllers, Stepper Motor Controller, A to D Converters, Examples.

6 Hours

UNIT - 4
MEMORY: Introduction, Common memory Types, Compulsory memory, Memory Hierarchy and Cache, Advanced RAM. Interfacing, Communication Basics, Microprocessor Interfacing, Arbitration, Advanced Communication Principles, Protocolos - Serial, Parallel and Wireless.

8 Hours
PART - B
UNIT - 5
INTERRUPTS: Basics - Shared Data Problem - Interrupt latency. Survey of Software Architecture, Round Robin, Round Robin with Interrupts - Function Queues - scheduling - RTOS architecture.

8 Hours

UNIT - 6
INTRODUCTION TO RTOS: Tasks - states - Data - Semaphores and shared data. More operating systems services - Massage Queues - Mail Boxes -Timers – Events - Memory Management.

8 Hours
UNIT – 7&8
Basic Design Using RTOS, Principles- An example, Encapsulating semaphores and Queues.
Hard real-time scheduling considerations – Saving Memory space and power. Hardware software co-design aspects in embedded systems.

12 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:
  1. Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction - Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.2002
  2. An Embedded software Primer - David E. Simon: Pearson Education, 1999

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Embedded Systems: Architecture and Programming, Raj Kamal, TMH. 2008
2. Embedded Systems Architecture – A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers, Tammy Noergaard, Elsevier Publication, 2005
3. Embedded C programming, Barnett, Cox & O’cull, Thomson (2005).













































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Power Electronics Arunkumar Notes For VTU EC

Posted by Manohar Tn

Description :

Arun kumar Power Electronics 7th sem vtu e&c notes
This is one of the major and scoring subjects of 7th semester. Similar to other Electronics subjects, this subject also consists of diagrams, equations, and numerical problems. This subject deals with the different transistor characteristics and details. So, to score in this subject you need to go through the good study materials, Books, Video lectures and etc. Especially, what I think, notes really helps students in order to understand the thing or concept better.

About the notes :


So to reduce your tension and pressure or if you feel the subject is tough then, here we come with the notes on the Power Electronics (PE) by Arunkumar for 7th semester Electronics and communication students. You can trust on this NOTES. But don’t make yourself depend on NOTES only. You should also follow the books at same time, as there might be some human error in the notes.

Source : Power Electronics

  • Subject Code : 06EC73
  • IA Marks : 25
  • No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04
  • Exam Hours : 03
  • Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52
  • Exam Marks : 100

PART - A

UNIT - 1
Introduction, Applications of power electronics, Power semiconductor devices, Control characteristics, Types of power electronics circuits, Peripheral effects.

5 Hours
UNIT - 2
POWER TRANSISTOR: Power BJT’s, Switching characteristics, Switching limits, Base derive control, Power MOSFET’s, Switching characteristics, Gate drive, IGBT’s, Isolation of gate and base drives.

6 Hours
UNIT - 3
INTRODUCTION TO THYRISTORS: Principle of operation states anode-cathode characteristics, Two transistor model. Turn-on Methods, Dynamic Turn-on and turn-off characteristics, Gate characteristics, Gate trigger circuits, di / dt and dv / dt protection, Thyristor firing circuits.

7 Hours
UNIT - 4
CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS: Introduction, Principles of phase controlled converter operation, 1φ fully controlled converters, Duel converters, 1 φ semi converters (all converters with R & RL load).

5 Hours

PART - B

UNIT - 5
Thyristor turn off methods, natural and forced commutation, self commutation, class A and class B types, Complementary commutation, auxiliary commutation, external pulse commutation, AC line commutation, numerical problems.

7 Hours

UNIT - 6
AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS: Introduction, Principles of on and off control, Principles of phase control, Single phase controllers with restive loads and Inductive loads, numerical problems.

6 Hours

UNIT - 7
DC CHOPPERS: Introduction, Principles of step down and step up choppers, Step down chopper with RL loads, Chopper classification, Analysis of impulse commutated Thyristor chopper (only qualitative analysis).

8 Hours
UNIT - 8
INVERTORS: Introduction, Principles of operation, Performance parameters, 1φ bridge inverter, voltage control of 1φ invertors, current source invertors, Variable DC link inverter.

7 Hours



TEXT BOOKS:

1. “Power Electronics” - M. H. Rashid 3rd edition, PHI / Pearson publisher 2004.
2. “Power Electronics” - M. D. Singh and Kanchandani K.B. TMH publisher, 2nd Ed. 2007.
 

REFERENCE BOOKS:

 
1. “Thyristorized Power Controllers” - G. K. Dubey S. R. Doradla, A. Joshi and Rmk Sinha New age international (P) ltd reprint 1999.
2. “Power Electronics” - Cynil W. Lander 3rd edition, MGH 2003.


                                           
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Sunday, August 25, 2013

Digital Communication Arunkumar Notes For VTU EC

Posted by Manohar Tn 4 Comments
Description : 

Digital Communication Arun kumar Notes For VTU

Here we came with another interesting Subject NOTES DIGITAL COMMUNICATION Notes by Arunkumar for 6th semester Electronics EC VTU students. Again in this notes the given units are very well explained with the New Syllabus old year’s questions with their answers format. Digital Communication (DC) is bit different from the earlier semester’s Analog Communication (AC) related to the derivations and theory Problems Circuits and all Digital Things. As in AC the derivations was very easy or say in systematic form, but here in DC it’s different. So to get good marks in Digital Communication, you’ll have to give time on this subject.

About the Digital communication VTU Notes By Arun kumar  notes :

In this NOTES the author has gone through the all major units. I suggest you blindly don’t follow any notes only, at the same time you should have both the Text Book, Tuition Notes and the notes then it’ll help you a lot. As human error can occur while writing the notes or even in book. So by matching both the things, you should keep studying, if you have doubt on any topic both in Book and Notes as well, then better to take some help from your subject faculty from your college.So if you want good marks in the subject then you should go through good books on Digital communication like Digital Communications By Simon Haykin or the local author book suggested by your lecturer. But I think this notes is somewhat sufficient on the units covered inside it.

Source : Digital Communication

  • Subject Code : 06EC61
  • IA Marks : 25
  • No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04
  • Exam Hours : 03
  • Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52
  • Exam Marks : 100

PART - A

UNIT - 1
Basic signal processing operations in digital communication. Sampling Principles: Sampling Theorem, Quadrature sampling of Band pass signal, Practical aspects of sampling and signal recovery.
7 Hours
UNIT - 2
PAM, TDM. Waveform Coding Techniques, PCM, Quantization noise and SNR, robust quantization.
7 Hours
UNIT - 3
DPCM, DM, applications. Base-Band Shaping for Data Transmission, Discrete PAM signals, power spectra of discrete PAM signals.
6 Hours
UNIT - 4
ISI, Nyquist’s criterion for distortion less base-band binary transmission, correlative coding, eye pattern, base-band M-ary PAM systems, adaptive equalization for data transmission.

6 Hours

PART - B

UNIT - 5
DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUES: Digital Modulation formats, Coherent binary modulation techniques, Coherent quadrature modulation techniques. Non-coherent binary modulation techniques.

7 Hours
UNIT - 6
Detection and estimation, Model of DCS, Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization procedure, geometric interpretation of signals, response of bank of correlators to noisy input.

6 Hours
UNIT - 7
Detection of known signals in noise, correlation receiver, matched filter receiver, detection of signals with unknown phase in noise.

6 Hours
UNIT - 8
Spread Spectrum Modulation: Pseudo noise sequences, notion of spread spectrum, direct sequence spread spectrum, coherent binary PSK, frequency hop spread spectrum, applications.

7 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

1. Digital communications, Simon Haykin, John Wiley, 2003.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  1. Digital and analog communication systems & An introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, K. Sam Shanmugam, John Wiley, 1996. 2.Simon Haykin, John Wiley, 2003
  2. Digital communications - Bernard Sklar: Pearson education 2007
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Microcontrollers Arunkumar Notes For VTU EC

Posted by Manohar Tn 2 Comments
Description : 
Micro controller notes by arun kumar

One of the easiest and hardest subject of 4th semester that is second year electronics by Arunkumar for VTU students and others. Some students find it easy, while more of the students find it difficult In Understanding Concepts . It’ll only be easy for you, if your understanding of programming is good And it is needy In Future, and if not, then you need to labor hard in this subject. The theory of this subject is also bit different compared to other subjects of Electronics.

Preffered Books :

  1. Communication Systems, Simon Haykins, 3rd Edition, John Willey, 1996.
  2. An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, Simon Haykins, John Wiley, 2003.
  3.  The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems By MAjidi ,
 About the notes : 

So to understand better, you need attention in the lecture/tuition or book in this subject. So if you think your lecturer is not enough to satisfy you in this subject. NOTES or ask them who you think is good in these subjects.
In this NOTES, Mr. Arunkumar has covered all the major units in easy language, and you can easily score satisfying marks.

Syllabus: 

MICROCONTROLLERS

(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ES42 IA Marks : 25
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100
PART – A
UNIT 1:
Microprocessors and microcontroller. Introduction, Microprocessors and
Microcontrollers, RISC & CISC CPU Architectures, Harvard & Von-
Neumann CPU architecture, Computer software.
The 8051 Architecture: Introduction, Architecture of 8051, Pin diagram of
8051, Memory organization, External Memory interfacing, Stacks.
6 Hours
UNIT 2:
Addressing Modes: Introduction, Instruction syntax, Data types, Subroutines,
Addressing modes: Immediate addressing , Register addressing, Direct
addressing, Indirect addressing, relative addressing, Absolute addressing,
Long addressing, Indexed addressing, Bit inherent addressing, bit direct
addressing.
Instruction set: Instruction timings, 8051 instructions: Data transfer
instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logical instructions, Branch
instructions, Subroutine instructions, Bit manipulation instruction.
6 Hours
UNIT 3:
8051 programming: Assembler directives, Assembly language programs and
Time delay calculations.                                                                                 6 Hours
UNIT 4:
8051 Interfacing and Applications: Basics of I/O concepts, I/O Port
Operation, Interfacing 8051 to LCD, Keyboard, parallel and serial ADC,
DAC, Stepper motor interfacing and DC motor interfacing and programming
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT 5:
8051 Interrupts and Timers/counters: Basics of interrupts, 8051 interrupt
structure, Timers and Counters, 8051 timers/counters, programming 8051
timers in assembly and C .                                                                       6 Hours
UNIT 6:
8051 Serial Communication: Data communication, Basics of Serial Data
Communication, 8051 Serial Communication, connections to RS-232, Serial
communication Programming in assembly and C.
8255A Programmable Peripheral Interface:, Architecture of 8255A, I/O
addressing,, I/O devices interfacing with 8051 using 8255A.
6 Hours
Course Aim – The MSP430 microcontroller is ideally suited for development
of low-power embedded systems that must run on batteries for many years.
There are also applications where MSP430 microcontroller must operate on
energy harvested from the environment. This is possible due to the ultra-low
power operation of MSP430 and the fact that it provides a complete system
solution including a RISC CPU, flash memory, on-chip data converters and
on-chip peripherals.
UNIT 7:
Motivation for MSP430microcontrollers – Low Power embedded systems,
On-chip peripherals (analog and digital), low-power RF capabilities. Target
applications (Single-chip, low cost, low power, high performance system
design).
2 Hours
MSP430 RISC CPU architecture, Compiler-friendly features, Instruction
set, Clock system, Memory subsystem. Key differentiating factors between
different MSP430 families.
2 Hours
Introduction to Code Composer Studio (CCS v4). Understanding how to
use CCS for Assembly, C, Assembly+C projects for MSP430
microcontrollers. Interrupt programming.
3 Hours
Digital I/O – I/O ports programming using C and assembly, Understanding
the muxing scheme of the MSP430 pins. 2 Hours
UNIT 8:
On-chip peripherals. Watchdog Timer, Comparator, Op-Amp, Basic
Timer, Real Time Clock (RTC), ADC, DAC, SD16, LCD, DMA.
2 Hours
Using the Low-power features of MSP430. Clock system, low-power
modes, Clock request feature, Low-power programming and Interrupt.
2 Hours


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Analog Communication Arunkumar Notes For VTU EC

Posted by Manohar Tn

Description :

Analog Communication Arunkumar Notes

As always here is another notes of Arunkumar on Analog Communication (AC). This subjects consists of large number of block diagram, Derivations, and formulas for solving the question answers. For this subject you need to give some extra effort, in order to get the good marks. As I said above this subject contains derivations, so all the derivations in this subject seems to be similar, so you need to study the subject with great concentration. Practice more of derivations, block diagram to get succeed in this subject. There are so many books out there in market that you can follow.

About the notes :

This notes have all the major units explained inside it.
I never used to say the students that this NOTES is sufficient to get you 80 Marks or 90 Marks, but yes you can always do better using this notes and your book as well.

Syllabus :

  • Subject Code : 06EC53
  • IA Marks : 25
  • No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04
  • Exam Hours : 03
  • Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52
  • Exam Marks : 100

PART - A

UNIT - 1
RANDOM PROCESS: Random variables: Several random variables. Statistical averages: Function of Random variables, moments, Mean, Correlation and Covariance function: Principles of autocorrelation function, cross – correlation functions. Central limit theorem, Properties of Gaussian process.
7 Hours
UNIT - 2
AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Introduction, AM: Time-Domain description, Frequency – Domain description. Generation of AM wave: square law modulator, switching modulator. Detection of AM waves: square law detector, envelop detector. Double side band suppressed carrier modulation (DSBSC): Time-Domain description, Frequency-Domain representation, Generation of DSBSC waves: balanced modulator, ring modulator. Coherent detection of DSBSC modulated waves. Costas loop.
7 Hours
UNIT - 3
SINGLE SIDE-BAND MODULATION (SSB): Quadrature carrier multiplexing, Hilbert transform, properties of Hilbert transform, Pre-envelope, Canonical representation of band pass signals, Single side-band modulation, Frequency-Domain description of SSB wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave. Demodulation of SSB waves.
6 Hours
UNIT - 4
VESTIGIAL SIDE-BAND MODULATION (VSB): Frequency – Domain description, Generation of VSB modulated wave, Time - Domain description, Envelop detection of VSB wave plus carrier, Comparison of amplitude modulation techniques, Frequency translation, Frequency division multiplexing, Application: Radio broadcasting, AM radio.
6 Hours

PART - B

UNIT - 5
ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-I: Basic definitions, FM, narrow band FM, wide band FM, transmission bandwidth of FM waves, generation of FM waves: indirect FM and direct FM.
6 Hours
UNIT - 6
ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-II: Demodulation of FM waves, FM stereo multiplexing, Phase-locked loop, Nonlinear model of the phase – locked loop, Linear model of the phase – locked loop, Nonlinear effects in FM systems.
6 Hours
UNIT - 7
NOISE: Introduction, shot noise, thermal noise, white noise, Noise equivalent bandwidth, Narrow bandwidth, Noise Figure, Equivalent noise temperature, cascade connection of two-port networks.
6 Hours
UNIT - 8
NOISE IN CONTINUOUS WAVE MODULATION SYSTEMS: Introduction, Receiver model, Noise in DSB-SC receivers, Noise in SSB receivers, Noise in AM receivers, Threshold effect, Noise in FM receivers, FM threshold effect, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM,.
8 Hours
TEXT BOOKS:
  1. Communication Systems, Simon Haykins, 3rd Edition, John Willey, 1996.
  2. An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, Simon Haykins, John Wiley, 2003.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
  1. Modern digital and analog Communication systems B. P. Lathi, 3rd ed 2005 Oxford University press.
  2. Communication Systems, Harold P.E, Stern Samy and A Mahmond, Pearson Edn, 2004.
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